Questions Relating to Excerpt, Paragraphs 1-3
- What, according to the Supreme Court's decision, was the general rule for understanding the extent of any government's power? Specifically, what was the source of the national government's power and any rights of national citizenship?
Questions Relating to Excerpt, Paragraphs 4-5
- Which level of government was responsible for protecting the natural rights of its citizens? Based on the words used by it, how would the Supreme Court have responded to a citizen claiming his rights were not being protected by this level of government?
- Paraphrase the fifth section of this excerpt. According to this passage, what power did the 14th Amendment give to the national government? What power did it not give to the national government?
Questions Relating to Excerpt, Paragraph 6
- What responsibility did the national government have under the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment? How could this reactive role impact the rights of African Americans living in southern states dominated by white governments?
Questions Relating to Excerpt, Paragraph 7
- Where did the right to vote come from? What right was created in the 15th Amendment and which government was given the responsibility for protecting that right?
- What type of discrimination was prohibited by the 15th Amendment? How could a southern state follow the text of the amendment, yet still reduce African-American voter participation?
Waite, Morrison R. "U.S. Reports: United States v. Cruikshank et al., 92 U.S. 542 (1876)," 1876. Courtesy of Library of Congress