Question Relating to Excerpt, Paragraphs 1-7
- How did the Supreme Court interpret the first clause of the 14th Amendment (the Citizenship Clause)? How is it possible that a person can have two types of citizenship?
Questions Relating to Excerpt, Paragraphs 8-11
- How did the Supreme Court interpret the second clause of the 14th Amendment (the Privileges and Immunities Clause)? Consider the emphasis the Supreme Court placed on the wording of this clause.
- What did the Supreme Court mean when it argued that "it is only the former which are placed by this clause under the protection of the Federal Constitution, and that the latter, whatever they may be, are not intended to have any additional protection by this paragraph of the amendment?" Consider what type of privileges and immunities the 14th Amendment does and does not protect.
Questions Relating to Excerpt, Paragraphs 12-15
- According to the Supreme Court's ruling, what was not the purpose of the 14th Amendment?
- This decision was made by the Supreme Court in the midst of Radical Republican Reconstruction of the South. When Reconstruction eventually ends, how might this interpretation of the Privileges and Immunities Clause and the powers of the state and national governments affect African American civil rights in the South?
Miller, Samuel Freeman, "U.S. Reports: Slaughter-House Cases, 83 U.S. (16 Wall.) 36 (1873)," 1872. Courtesy of Library of Congress