- Whose perspective was this cartoon drawn from? What evidence leads you to believe this?
- According to the artist, what was the threat to African Americans if federal troops were removed from the South?
- How do the messages on the signs reflect attitudes of southern whites toward Reconstruction and African Americans? Have those attitudes about African Americans changed even though the war was lost? Why or why not?
- How might these attitudes influence the creation of state governments and legislation once federal troops leave the South?
"Shall we call home our troops? We intend to beat the negro in the battle of life & defeat means one thing — Extermination," Birmingham (Alabama) News, 1875. Courtesy of Library of Congress