- James Madison wrote this essay to convince the people of New York to ratify the proposed federal U.S. Constitution. According to him, why do factions, or parties, form? Do you agree?
- In his farewell address, George Washington warned Americans against forming parties. In what ways does Washington agree or disagree with Madison in his farewell address? Use evidence from the text to support your answer.
- How will the proposed constitution mitigate or lessen the negative effects of factions, according to Madison?
Madison, James, Federalist No. 10: "The Same Subject Continued: The Union as a Safeguard Against Domestic Faction and Insurrection," New York Daily Advertiser, 22 November 1787. Courtesy of National Archives